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【全程复*方略】广东省高中英语 素能提升演练(二十五) unit5 新人教版必修5

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素能提升演练(二十五) 必修 5
Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. Cal replied with a polite but ______ (坚决的)“no”! 2. The T-shirts are available in a wide ______(各种)of colors. 3. Why don’t you ______(倒)yourself another drink? 4. As everybody knows, cancer doesn’t show any ______ (症状) in its early stages. 5. These days,I can’t fall asleep because the coming final exam is putting great ______ (压 力) on me. 6. The bridge was damaged by a flood,so a ______ (临时的) one was built in its place. 7. Two players are out of the team because of ______(伤). 8. Use a soap that is ______(温和的)on the skin. 9. She was ______(治疗)for sunstroke. 10. The new technology was ______(应用)to farming. Ⅱ. 完成句子 1. ____________________________________________ to you whether I like it or not, because you never listen to me. (difference) 我喜欢与否与你没有关系,因为你从不听我的。 2. It was Jack, rather than his little brother, _______________________ in the sports meeting. (injure) 是杰克而不是他弟弟在运动会上受伤了。 3. When ________________ a party, please pay attention to your dress style. (invite) 当你受邀赴宴时,要注意你的衣着。 4. ______________________ people present are interested in the speech. (doubt) 毫无疑问,在场的人都对此演讲感兴趣。 5. I would like to _______________________ , for I know that actually he is a kind man. (treat) 我情愿把他的话当做笑话,因为实际上我知道他是一个很善良的人。 6.Judging from the symptoms shown in the dead body, the cat _________________ by a certain poisonous chemical. (poison)

Unit 5

从尸体上的症状来判断,这只猫肯定是被毒品毒死的。 7. I hope you have left all the books in the library _______ . (place) 我希望你已经把所有的书放在了图书馆适当的位置。 8.When______________________________________, confidence and honesty. (apply) 当你向公司申请工作时,请展现出你的自信和诚实。 9. She had to stay at home _________________________ . (fall) 因为儿子生病所以她得待在家里。 10. Her heart ___________ as she watched her son receiving his award. (swell) 当她看到她的儿子获奖时心中充满了自豪。 Ⅲ. 阅读理解 You may need to give first aid. First aid is defined as the emergency care given to a sick or injured person. The goals of first aid are to prevent death and to prevent injuries from becoming worse. Each emergency condition is different. However, the following rules apply to any kind of emergency. *Be aware of your limitations. Do not try to do more than you are able to. Nor should you do things if you are unfamiliar with them. Do what you can under the conditions at the time. * Stay calm. Acting calmly will help the victim feel safe. *Take a quick look to see if the victim is bleeding, and if there is a pulse. *Keep the victim lying down and do not move him or her. You could make an injury worse if you move the victim. *Take necessary emergency steps. * Call for help or ask someone to make the EMS system(急救系统)start. * Do not remove clothing unless you have to. If clothing must be removed, tear the clothes along the seams(线缝). * Keep the victim warm. Cover the victim with a blanket. Coats and sweaters can be used if a blanket cannot be found. * Reassure(使……安心)the victim. Explain what is happening and that help has been called. *Do not give the victim any food or fruits. please show your

*Keep the bystanders(旁观者)away from the victim. Bystanders want to have a look, offer advice, and say something about the victim’s condition. The victim may believe that the condition is worse than it really is. 1. The most important purpose of first aid is _______ . A. to stop death B. to keep the injured person calm C. to help the victim stay in a safe place D. to see if the injured person is still living 2. When a person is badly injured on the road, you should _______ . A. act worriedly and hurriedly B. do whatever you want to do freely C. not move him or her D. make the injured person stand up 3. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the text? A. You should do more than what you are able to do to help an injured person in emergency conditions. B. Don’t remove the clothes of the injured person no matter what happens. C. It is necessary to cover the victim with a blanket. D. If the injured person feels hungry, you should give him or her some food. 4. Why should bystanders be kept away from the victim according to the text? A. Because bystanders can prevent the victim from receiving first aid. B. Because what bystanders say can make the victim think the condition is very bad. C. Because the victim doesn’t want to accept the advice of bystanders. D. Because the victim hates being surrounded by bystanders. 5. The main purpose of the text is to tell _______ . A. how to save a person B. what to do when an accident happens C. how to call for help D. how to give first aid 6. 用三十个左右的词概括短文大意 ____________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________ Ⅳ. 读写任务 阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Teenagers’ secrets should be kept to themselves and no one else, their parents included, has the right to stick their nose into their private life. As we know, teenagers are going through a special period of development both physically and psychologically. They are curious about and puzzled by the unexpected changes in their body and mind. What’s more, exposed to a world of adults, it is only too natural for them to begin imitating adults’ behaviors in secret. Boys begin to smoke and girls begin to spend time doing their hair and care more about what to wear. Some even begin to date with a girlfriend or boyfriend without letting their parents know. They are doing these things in secret because they are still unsure whether it is right to do so and afraid that, if found out by their parents, they will get misunderstood and even punished. In fact, in many cases, parents can not deal with such matters well but hurt their children’s feelings badly, making children unwilling to communicate with them any more. When this happens, it hurts feelings of the family as well. Therefore, it sounds reasonable and acceptable that teenagers should keep their secrets to themselves instead of sharing them with their parents, who should give them the freedom in dealing with secrets. 【写作内容】 1. 以约 30 个词概括上面文章的要点; 2. 以约 120 个词就“青少年的秘密该不该与父母分享”这一话题发表你的看法, 至少包含以下内容: 1)你是支持还是反对与父母分享秘密? 2)你支持或反对的理由是什么? 3)结合你的实际, 谈谈你具体是怎么做的? 【写作要求】 1. 在作文中可以使用自己亲身的经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容, 但不得直接引用 原文中的句子; 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3. 题目自拟。 【评分标准】 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯。

答案解析 Ⅰ. 1. firm 5. pressure 9. treated 2. variety 6. temporary 10. applied 3. pour 7. injury 4. symptoms 8. mild

Ⅱ. 1. It makes no difference/It doesn’t make any difference 2. that/who was/got injured 3. (you are) invited to 4. There is no doubt that 5. treat what he said as a joke 6. must have been poisoned 7. in place 8. applying to the company for a job 9. because her son fell ill 10. swelled with pride Ⅲ. 1.【解析】选 A。根据第一段中的“The goals of first aid are to prevent death and to prevent injuries from becoming worse. ”可知答案。 2.【解析】选 C。从文中所给的急救知识可知 C 项是正确的,依据为“Keep the victim lying down and do not move him or her. You could make an injury worse if you move the victim. ”。 3.【解析】选 C。从文中所给的急救知识可知 C 项是正确的,依据为“Keep the victim warm. Cover the victim with a blanket. ”。 4.【解析】选 B。从最后一段内容可知旁观者的言辞会让伤者感到事态严重,他们可能产生心理压力,因 此应当让旁观者远离伤者。 5.【解析】选 D。通读全文便知本文的目的主要是告诉人们当事故发生时,如何进行急救来减少死亡或者 是不让事态进一步恶化。 6. This passage mainly introduces some first aid rules. In other words, it mainly tells us how to give first aid correctly. Ⅳ.【参考范文】 Teenagers’ Secrets Should be Shared with Their Parents Many teenagers have their own secrets but their parents always want to know them, which will probably hurt children’s feelings. As a result, they won’t like to share their secrets

with their parents. Oppositely, I insist that teenagers’ secrets should be shared with their parents. For one thing, parents are the closest relatives in the world, who are trying every possible means to do good to the young, and should be respected and trusted. For another, lacking experience, teenagers need some help and support in making decisions or solving problems. If many of the secrets are kept to children themselves, they may do unimaginable harm in the long run. As far as I’m concerned, I always let my parents know my secrets, like close friends. In turn they appreciate my attitude so much that they are always ready to offer me valuable advice, which benefits me a lot in this special time of development.




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